Can Hamsters Eat Bread?

Question: Can hamsters eat bread?

Answer: Yes hamsters can eat a small amount of wholegrain brown bread, white bread should be avoided.

What is Bread?

Bread is a popular food in most households and It is a staple in many diets where it’s regularly used for sandwiches.

Bread can vary from loaf to loaf depending on the ingredients used and varies from country to country.

Bread is prepared from baker’s yeast, grain, and water. The grain used will determine the type of bread produced. There are many different varieties of bread on the market, so we’ll take a look at some of them and analyze the advantages and drawbacks to assist you decide if it’s appropriate for your hamster to eat.

As mentioned, there are different types of bread with different ingredients and therefore you might expect to see some differences in the type of bread available.

Types of Bread include;

White bread

White bread is known as the most unhealthy of all bread, thanks to its high sugar content.

The grain used in making bread contains bran, germ, and endosperm. White flour is produced by removing the bran and germ from white wheat, but it’s the bran and germ that contain the most nutrients, which is why white bread is generally considered the least healthy type of bread.

Although it offers dietary fiber, it is low in other nutrients.

Some white bread, on the other hand, has vitamins and minerals, as well as extra calcium and fiber added to it.

Brown bread

A type of wholegrain bread in which the entire wheat kernel (the bran, germ and endosperm) is ground into fine particles.

Brown bread generally contains higher levels of dietary fiber compared to white bread.

Whole grain bread

This bread is made from wholegrain flour, which comes from the entire wheat kernel including bran, germ and endosperm.

Multi-grain bread

Made up of several different types of grains, this can often include wheat germ and flaxseed.

Rye bread

There are multiple types of Rye bread, the most common tends to be Dark rye.

Often darker in color than other varieties of bread with a rich texture and distinctive flavor, Rye bread is generally composed of a mix of rye grains and flour.

Dark Rye, like brown bread is considered healthier than Light rye.

can hamsters eat bread
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Can Hamsters Eat Bread?

In short bread is a fine treat for your hamster in small quantities.

Hamsters can eat certain types of bread in small amounts, including brown and whole grain.

White bread should be avoided as it lacks nutritional value when compared with other options and is more likely to include flavourings, colourings or preservatives, which can be bad for your hamster.

Bread is high in carbohydrates and low in protein so eating too much can have a serious effect on your hamster’s diet leading to obesity.


If you are unsure about whether or not your hamster can eat bread then you may want to consult with your local veterinarian before feeding them any type of bread.

How to feed your Hamster Bread?

The best way to give your hamster bread is as a treat, not as a staple of its diet.

A really small amount of whole meal bread is fine, but we still recommend you supervise your hamster.

Watch out for signs of illness such as diarrhoea and if you notice your hamster starts acting strange after eating bread stop immediately and contact your veterinarian.

As long as you feed your hamster good quality bread without additives and preservatives it will be fine to include a small amount in its diet.

You can also try different kinds of breads like whole wheat, rye, and brown.

Benefits of Bread for Hamsters

Other than adding variety to your hamsters diet, there aren’t any major benefits of feeding bread to your hamster.

Whilst they should be perfectly fine eating a small amount of bread, there are loads of better options such as fresh fruit and vegetables.

Risks of Bread for Hamsters

Because a hamster’s diet is largely composed of seeds, fresh fruit and vegetables, bread isn’t necessarily a good food choice for them.

Some breads have ingredients and seasonings that are not good for your hamster as well as added additives that they shouldn’t really eat.

Furthermore, Bread has a considerable amount of starch and gluten. Whole wheat has less starch than white, but all breads are high in starch across the board.

Salt, yeast, and other additives are often used in bread, again these aren’t great for your hamster.

Hamsters that eat food that is heavy in gluten, salt, starch, and carbohydrates like bread might develop diabetes, obesity, allergies, and even death as a result of it.

What types of Bread can my hamster eat?

With so many different types of bread available, you may be wondering which options you can feed to your hamster.

Can hamsters eat white bread?

No, they should not eat white bread. There is no nutritional value in white bread and it often contains additives that are not good for your hamster.

Can hamsters eat whole grain bread?

Yes, they can eat breads made from whole grains of wheat including brown bread. Wholemeal flour comes from milling the entire wheat kernel containing bran, germ and endosperm, whereas white bread or flour comes from milled endosperm only.

Wholemeal bread has a better nutritional profile than white bread and is better for your hamster.

Can hamsters eat dark rye?

Yes, you can feed small amounts of dark Rye to your hamster in the same way you could feed it other types of bread.

Rye has similar nutritional value to brown bread and is perfectly fine for your hamster to eat occasionally.

Can hamsters eat toast?

Yes, but make sure it is whole grain toast as it is much better for your hamster.

Toast should be a rare treat as it does not have many nutrients and shouldn’t replace other types of bread as part of your hamsters diet.

Can my Hamster eat Bread crust?

As long as the bread crust has no added ingredients or seasonings, you can feed to your hamster.

The bread crust should be small and shouldn’t make up a large part of your hamsters diet.

Can my Hamster eat Bread rolls?

Yes, it is best to avoid hot dog or similar types of bread rolls that include numerous ingredients like additives, preservatives, and seasonings.

As long as your hamster bread roll doesn’t include these extra ingredients it should be fine to feed your hamster.

Can my Hamster eat Bread sticks?

Yes, breadsticks are fine to give to your hamster as long as they don’t contain any added ingredients or seasonings.

Breadsticks are similar in nutritional value to other types of bread so are fine to offer your hamster occasionally.

The perfect diet for your hamster

Hamsters are omnivores, which means they eat both plants and animals. 

In the wild, hamsters consume a range of plant and insect species, therefore a diet that is similar to this would be ideal for hamsters, such as a combination of fresh veggies and high-protein dried insects like mealworms.

can hamsters eat white bread
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What else you can feed your hamster?

You may also give your hamster a variety of fresh fruits and vegetables in addition to high-quality hamster food.

What fruits can you feed your hamster?

Hamsters can eat a wide range of fruits including;

  • Apple
  • Melon
  • Peach
  • Pear

What vegetables can you feed your hamster?

In addition to eating fruit hamsters can also eat vegetables;

  • Broccoli
  • Cabbage
  • Carrot
  • Cauliflower
  • Chicory
  • Courgette
  • Cucumber
  • Cress
  • Spinach
  • Sweet peppers
  • What herbs can you feed your hamster
  • Basil
  • Coriander
  • Parsley
  • Sage

What should you not feed your hamster?

With many options of commercial hamster food, it’s worth noting that some should be avoided.

It’s not advised to give your hamster a muesli-style pre-mixed food because he’ll most likely prefer high-sugar foods to low-fiber options.

Sugar should be avoided by hamsters because it can harm their teeth and cause obesity in your pet.

Be sure not to feed your hamster citrus fruits such as;

  • Grapefruits
  • Lemons
  • Oranges

In Summary – Can Hamsters Eat Bread?

Yes, you can give your hamster some in small amounts as part of a varied diet.

White bread is not good for your hamster, wholemeal or dark rye bread contains more nutrients and are better options.

As with introducing any new food to your hamster, always monitor their behaviour and health afterwards.

If you see anything unusual, contact your veterinarian straight away.

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