Can Rabbits Eat Kale?

Question: Can rabbits eat kale? 

Answer: Yes, they certainly can! Kale is one of the healthiest vegetables you can offer to your furry friend. Despite the nutrients offered by this superfood, rabbits should only eat it occasionally. 

Do rabbits like kale? 

Most rabbits are quite fond of leafy green vegetables. They might not choose it over more sugary produce such as fruits, but rabbits will happily eat kale. In fact, wild rabbits eagerly munch on any kale they can scavenge from gardens and farms. However, as much as these furry creatures love leafy greens, their natural diet is heavily grass-based. A healthy, balanced diet for your pet rabbit is composed mostly of hay, not leafy vegetables such as kale. 

Is kale good for rabbits? 

Many health-conscious humans hail kale as the ultimate superfood. Kale, a cruciferous vegetable and a member of the cabbage family, is one the most nutrient-dense foods available to humans. These super healthy greens are full of antioxidants, Vitamin C, Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Vitamin B6, and other compounds with medicinal properties. 

While kale is undoubtedly healthy for humans, the dietary needs of rabbits are different. The good news for anyone looking to feed their pet rabbit some kale is that it’s one of the most nutritious vegetables. In addition to being loaded with healthy vitamins and minerals, kale is naturally low in sugar. In comparison to fruits and most other vegetables, kale is one of the healthiest treats you can offer your furry friend. 

The numerous vitamins and minerals found in kale is highly beneficial to your rabbit’s immune system. While rabbits produce their own Vitamins C and have no need to consume it in their diet, these furry creatures do require Vitamin A from external sources. Vitamin A is crucial to the maintenance of their vision, skin, bone, and dental health. On the other hand, Vitamin K promotes cell regeneration which can be especially useful for injured bunnies. 

Kale is also an excellent source of iron. This mineral stimulates the production of red blood cells and distributes oxygen efficiently in the body. Rabbits with insufficient levels of iron tend to be lethargic and eventually become anaemic. 

Moreover, the large amounts of antioxidants in kale is very helpful for overweight bunnies. These substances allow adorable, chubby bunnies to convert their food into energy more efficiently. This makes it easier for your rabbit to lose weight. 

When is kale bad for rabbits? 

Regardless of the healthy nutrients in kale, too much of a good thing can become a very bad thing. Kale contains high levels of sulfur and calcium. In excess, these minerals can negatively affect the health of your rabbit. 

Rabbits who consume too much sulfur in their diet can develop gastrointestinal problems. Too much calcium is equally detrimental to your rabbit. Since rabbits are not able to regulate their calcium absorption, any calcium surplus enters their bloodstream and excretes through their urinary tracts. If your furry friend eats too much kale, the extra calcium could form into painful kidney stones and sludge in their bladder. 

Kale that isn’t fresh is bad for your rabbit as well. Feeding your rabbit spoiled or wilted kale might upset their sensitive stomachs. This frequently results in gas, bloating, and diarrhea for your bunny. 

How should I feed kale to my rabbit? 

To feed your rabbit kale, try to purchase only the organic kind or grow your own kale in your garden. This reduces your rabbit’s exposure to harmful chemicals and traces of fertilizer. Regardless of whether you bought or grew your kale, wash the vegetable thoroughly before feeding it to your bunny. Rabbits can safely eat as much as 1 cup of leafy greens such as kale per 2 pounds of their body weight. 

Avoid feeding your rabbit cooked kale or any other cooked vegetable. The sensitive digestive systems of rabbits are not designed to process cooked food in the same way as humans. If your rabbit loves texture in their food, you could also feed them frozen kale or kale chips without oil and seasoning. 

If this is your rabbit’s first time eating kale, introduce them slowly to the vegetable. Start off by feeding your rabbit a single kale leaf. Afterwards, observe their behaviour for the next 24 hours. Monitor their bowel movements to ensure their stomachs can properly digest kale. 

How often should I feed kale to my rabbit? 

Although kale is an extremely nutritious leafy green, it’s best for your rabbit’s health to only have it occasionally. Their daily diet should comprise mostly of high-quality hay supplemented by high-fibre rabbit pellets. Fresh produce should account for only 10% of your rabbit’s food source. Vegetables such as kale must be limited to no more than twice a week. 

To provide your furry friend with a diverse array of snacks and nutrients, it’s best to alternate kale with other vegetables daily. 

Can baby rabbits eat kale? 

While kale in moderate amounts is healthy for adult rabbits, they are dangerous for baby rabbits. The stomachs of baby bunnies are not fully developed. Therefore, they are not capable of processing vegetables or fruits of any sort. 

Once your baby rabbit reaches the age of 12 weeks old, you can gradually introduce tiny amounts of vegetables in their diet. If you want to be cautious, some veterinarians recommend waiting until 6 months before feeding your baby bun anything other hay and rabbit pellets. 

Can rabbits eat kale stems? 

Rabbits can certainly eat kale stems, but most of them prefer the leaves. Kale stems tend to be bitter so some bunnies might refuse to eat it entirely. If your rabbit enjoys the bitter taste of kale stems, consider chopping up the stem for your furry friend to prevent a choking hazard. 

Alternative vegetables to kale 

Though kale offers many healthy vitamins and minerals, your pet rabbit must only eat it as a measly part of a balanced diet. Rabbits need to eat high-quality hay regularly in order to stay healthy. In addition to hay, you can feed your adorable bun some high-fibre rabbit pellets and a daily rotation of vegetables and fruits. 

Vegetables like kale are one of the healthiest treat options for rabbits. Here are a few other leafy green vegetables you might want to include in your bunny’s snack rotation: 

  • arugula 
  • basil 
  • beets 
  • broccoli 
  • bok choy 
  • cabbage
  • cauliflower 
  • carrots
  • celery
  • cilantro
  • cucumber
  • lettuce 
  • parsley
  • spinach
  • swiss chard
  • turnips


It turns out kale is a superfood for rabbits as well. However, unlike humans, they must consume it in moderation. An excess amount of kale could result in ill-effects on their health. Your furry friend has an extremely sensitive tummy that can be upset by even the healthiest of foods. As a result, it’s best to be cautious and limit their intake of anything that’s not hay. 

Leave a Comment